Editor’s Note: This story originally appeared on SmartAsset.com.
A 2021 survey from recruitment and staffing firm Robert Half reported that 44% of professionals reported feeling overwhelmed in their jobs.
That’s a 10% jump from last year, when the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the economy. This year, 3.8 million American employees quit their private sector jobs in April 2021 — and workers are still leaving their jobs at a rapid pace.
The national quit rate, or the percentage of workers who leave their jobs each month, hit an all-time high of 3.1% in April and remained at 3% in June. From a perspective perspective, approximately 2.5 million people left their jobs each month between January 2001 and December 2020, which is far less than the 3.7 million people who submitted their two-week notice in June 2021 alone.
With this in mind, SmartAsset set out to identify the most likely place of worker burnout in the United States. We studied 100 of the largest cities in the country and examined 12 different metrics across three distinct categories: work schedule, health and well-being, and financial stress.
For details on our data sources and how we bring all the information together to create our final rankings, read the Data and Methodology section at the end.
Here are the cities where workers are most likely to burn.
1. Orlando, Florida
Orlando is the city where workers are likely to be depleted in 2021.
Central Florida ranks fourth out of 100 cities for health and well-being scores.
Within this category, Orlando has the seventh-highest percentage of the physically inactive population (26.8%) and the eighth-highest number of poor mental health days per year (5.0).
2. Jersey City, New Jersey
Located across the Hudson River from Manhattan, Jersey City had the third worst work schedule score in the study.
Nearly 61% of workers in Jersey City work more than 1,750 hours per year, the fifth highest for this metric overall.
Meanwhile, 20.1% of workers have commutes longer than one hour (the third highest).
3. Garland, Texas
The workforce in Garland, Texas, which is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area, works an average of 39.7 hours per week, tied for the top 20 in our study.
However, the health and well-being score shows that this city has the second highest percentage of uninsured residents (26.6%).
Financial stress measures ranked Garland 17th in the lowest five-year income change (16.55%) of all 100 cities in the study.
4. Chandler, Arizona
More than 60% of Chandler, Arizona residents work more than 1,750 hours a year, the seventh highest of all 100 cities in our study.
Residents of suburban Phoenix also work an average of 38.7 weeks per year and 39.7 hours per week, ranked 20th in our study, respectively. As a result, Chandler had the sixth worst work schedule score.
5. Dallas, Texas
Workers in Dallas, Texas, average more hours per week (40.5) than their counterparts in 97 other cities across our study.
Meanwhile, the Health and Wellbeing score indicates that Dallas also has the fourth highest percentage of uninsured residents (24.6%).
6. Fort Worth, Texas
On average, workers in Fort Worth, Texas, clock in with the seventh highest number of hours per week (40.1).
The health and wellness score indicates that this city not only has the eighth highest percentage of uninsured residents (19.4%), but also only 5.76% of Fort Worth is devoted to parks (ranking in the lowest 25 percent for this scale).
7. Aurora, CO
Aurora, Colorado, scored the fourth-worst work schedule result in the study, in part because 60.0% of its residents work more than 1,750 hours a year (the tenth highest).
Workers at Aurora average 39.9 hours per week and 38.4 weeks per year (13 and 15 highest hours, respectively).
8. Miami, Florida
Miami, Florida, has the 13th highest percentage of residents working more than 1,750 hours per year (59.1%).
Measures of financial stress show that housing costs in this city account for a larger percentage of income (36.31%, indicating that residents are burdened with the cost of housing) than any other city in our study.
The health and wellness score also places Miami as the 10th most uninsured population of all 100 cities (19.0%).
9. Houston, Texas
Another hotspot in Texas for potential worker fatigue, Houston ranks seventh in terms of financial stress.
This category includes housing costs as a percentage of income, five-year change in income, estimated annual cost of living per capita, and unemployment. Houston has the lowest five-year income change (15.38%).
In addition, measures of health and well-being also show that it has the third highest percentage of uninsured residents (25.2%).
10. Norfolk, Virginia
Workers in Norfolk, Virginia, clock in an average of 39.7 hours per week, tied for 20th place in our study.
Meanwhile, only 5.37% of Norfolk were classified as parks, the 20th lowest on this scale out of the 100 cities included in our study.
Data and methodology
To identify cities where labor burnout is most likely, we examined 100 of the largest cities in the United States and compared them across these three categories:
- Work schedule. This category includes the following four metrics: average weeks worked per year, average hours worked per week, percentage of the population working more than 1,750 hours per year, and percentage of workers who travel for a long time. We gave this score a double weight, making it the most important class of scales in our study. The data comes from the 2019 American Community Survey by the Census Bureau
- Health and well-being. This category includes the following metrics: percentage of city parks, average number of days of poor mental health, percentage of physically inactive residents and percentage of uninsured residents. The data comes from the 2021 Health District Rankings and from the Trust for Public Land’s 2020 Acreage & Park System Highlights.
- financial pressures. This category includes the following metrics: housing costs as a percentage of income, five-year change in income, estimated annual cost of living per capita, and the June 2021 unemployment rate. Data comes from American Community Surveys for a year from 2014 and 2019, the cost of living calculator in Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bureau of Labor Statistics.
We ranked each city on each scale and found the average ranking and score for each category.
Then we found the final result, giving a score for the work schedule a double weight and the average of the scores for the three categories. The city with the highest cumulative score is ranked at the top of our list.
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